Dhamapur Lake

Seasonal Area (Ha)
Permanent Area (Ha)
Lat, Long
Jurisdiction
66.55
44.87
16.046626, 73.594968
Minor Water irrigation department,
Forest department, Agriculture department,
private land holders
Dhamapur Lake Map

ECOSYSTEM SERVICES

  • Source of drinking water for people living and around
  • Source of water for agriculture
  • Traditional & Lease contract Fishing
  • Flora study
  • Bird watching
  • Photography
  • Buffering communities from extreme events as floods and storms
  • Groundwater recharge
  • Water purification
  • Acts as a sink for sediments
  • Has significant cultural and religious values
  • Habitat for migratory waterbirds
  • Habitat for noteworthy flora & fauna species

WETLAND FEATURES 

Dhamapur Lake is selected on National Wetland Committee as part of top 100 wetlands mapped on India by the MoEFCC. It is graded with C+ as the Wetland health score. According to the Biodiversity Action Plan report made by the Mangrove Cell. Govt of Maharashtra and TERI University, Dhamapur lake is a large wetland in Sindhudurg district with the potential to be developed as an international Ramsar site.

Hundreds of floral and faunal species have been located in the catchment area of the lake. There are 61 minor streams, 2 major streams and 1 middle ordered stream with local name Bhurkhyacha whal. It is, therefore, very important to preserve not only Dhamapur Lake but also to protect the inlet streams which give the wetland a flourished biological existence.

MOEF Top 100 Wetlands of India

CULTURAL & SPIRITUAL SIGNIFICANCE

The wetland is also important in its historic sense with the presence of an ancient temple and the relationship of the community and the lake. Dhamapur lake was originally a simple stream. Over time, the villagers built mud, wood and stone bunds that gradually converted the stream into a lake. A flight of 32 steps, a ghat and a beautiful Hemandpanthi styled Mandir came into being at the river banks. There are 61 minor streams, 2 major streams and 1 middle ordered stream with local name Bhurkhyacha whal. The name indicates that this stream has traditional and mythological significance. There is also an ancient Narayan mandir and Brahman Dev located nearby. 1860 gazetteer Bombay presidency volume-10, gives mythological reference to the Lake, which was said to present gold to people in need, on offerings of flowers. The Gazette also mentions that the dense forest around Dhamapur Lake was conserved by Subhedar Kanhoji Angre, who was the chief of the Maratha Navy in 18th century India.

RURAL LANDSCAPE APPRAISAL

Rural Landscape Appraisal report on Dhamapur village made by M.Arch Landscape students of LS. Raheja School of Architecture, Mumbai as part of the course of Landscape Design to study the rural landscape and settlement. A group of 12 students and 2 faculty members visited Dhamapur from 9th Jan, 2020 to 11th Jan 2020The group documented the village landscape and mapped it by means of photographs, study sketches and drawings. 

GEOGRAPHICAL STUDY

Geographical study is aimed at understanding the physiographic attributes of Dhamapur Lake. Geographic Information System approach has been used here, of course with the important element of ‘ground-truthing’ (a method of validating the results acquired through satellite imagery are verified on ground by actual visit and survey).

MICROSCOPIC LIFE

A study was was initiated to check the physico-chemical status of Dhamapur Lake to monitor the baseline data on the suitability of water for drinking and irrigation. The study was undertaken using several parameters such as temperature, pH, dissolved oxygen, chlorides, total hardness, nitrites, phosphates to help monitor changes for future evaluation.

Plankton, the microscopic diversity holds a key role in designing the food web of aquatic ecosystems. Dhamapur Lake was studied to understand seasonal variation in plankton diversity for the duration of one year from January 2012 to December 2012.

BIO-DIVERSITY STUDY

FLORA

193

FAUNA

247

FLORA FAUNA CHECKLIST

BRIEF DOCUMENTATION REPORT